Now let’s learn more about cows care. With these three nutrients, MP, NEL and NDF, we account for most of the value of forages. Over the past decade her, ds successfully increased forages (i.e., grasses, alfalfa, corn silage) from 50% of the diet (on a dry matter basis) to >55%. You can learn the answer of how much dairy cows needs Daily care in this article as a quideline. Cattle grow quickly through the summer, and gains are cheap. If that stack is brown or golden, with no evidence of wellpreserved green plants, look for a supplement. Avoid the "spoiled cow syndrome" only provide them with what they need and don't let them manipulate you into feeding them more. A neighbour and his friends bought every bale that year. In a dairy business, feed costs typically represent 40 to 50% of the costs of producing milk, making feed costs the largest cost category. One should know how much parts of each feed (roughage or concentrate) to offer when giving different feed resources to supply different nutrients. Hi. However, the utilization of alfalfa by grazing beef cattle has been limited due to its propensity to cause pasture bloat. This includes just how much a gestating cow will eat and the quality of forages we have on hand. Percentages work well when talking ingredients in dairy cow feed rations, but they don’t provide much information on the amount of nutrition consumed by the cow. It's also good to have a feed formulation software program available to you so you know exactly what to feed, how much to feed, and how it will impact your cow herd. Bill Weiss and Alex Tebbe for Progressive Dairy. In fact, the whole romantic idea of cowboys and cattle drives began with trailing herds of cattle up from Texas into the rich prairie grasslands to fatten through the summer before being shipped by rail to markets in the east. dairy cows need alfalfa hay which contains after harvest a relative feeding . The glitter of Christmas shines in the windows, glistens on the snow, wafts... A symptom of breaking down and finally buying a functionable smartphone is getting... Have a happy holiday season! 2008-11-13 16:21:50 2008-11-13 16:21:50. 1 2 3. Dairy cow feed can be simple and easy, especially during the rotating shifts of milking. Once you’re satisfied with how much grain the cows eat, you can slowly up the grain level by 1.10 lbs every second day until you reach the desired ration. Both of these components can be met with a good quality grass during warm weather months, but high-producing dairy cows may require more protein, such as alfalfa, mixed grass-legume pasture, or a protein supplement. While some classes of beef cattle do not need high quality alfalfa hay, there is a place for using high quality, or “dairy quality”, alfalfa hay. The concentration of NDF in forage is negatively correlated with intake, but an even stronger positive correlation is found between in vitro NDF digestibility (IVNDFD) and intake. alfalfa/day to stock cows in winter, they're probably getting more than enough protein but maybe not enough total digestible nutrients (TDN). It’s thought to be a good buy when the price of an unused feed goes below the opportunity price. This is a tough question to answer… The cost of feeding a cow depends on: a) How much pasture you have The $0.28/ pound of actual protein is $0.08 cheaper than the average grass hay listed and significantly cheaper than the packaged supplements listed. Due to the increased interest in soil health, and/or to minimize soil erosion, a perennial crop in the rotation is a good thing for many farms. Alfalfa has a 15:1 calcium to phosphorus ratio , which makes it a perfect complement to grain, which is high in phosphorus. A rough estimate on how much feed to give your cattle can be done by hand, but you are better off working with a dairy or beef nutritionist or veterinarian. Brian grows as … Wiki User Answered . Just a thought! Unfortunately, the alfalfa is not always available, but the feed dealer may have some alfalfa-based supplements or cubes that certainly would help a cow. There is no other forage that can consistently deliver 20% crude protein while yielding 3 to 5 tons of dry matter per acre under vigorous agronomic management. Furthermore, cows that consume large amounts of feed have ruminal fluid pH values that are about 6.0, which also decreases ruminal degradation of protein from soybean meal. Differences in government policies and climate make Progressive Dairy – Canada useful to subscribers up north. If milk is $16 per hundredweight, one unit is worth $3 per ton DM ($2.55 per ton as-fed at 85% DM). Conversely, feeding one large round bale of hay, to two or three steers or cows will last a few weeks. Alfalfa is recognized as one of the most nutritious forages available and is widely used as conserved forage (ex, hay, silage) in the diets of beef and dairy cattle. However, forage quality very definitely affects milk yield, and we need to include quality parameters when estimating economic value. Estimating daily feed intake of your cow herd is the first step in determining the amount of forage that is needed to be on-hand for a harvested forage feeding program. They are both 3 years old. However, CP tends to overvalue the nutritional value of protein in forages relative to many protein supplements (e.g., soybean or canola meal). Because RFV and RFQ have strong negative correlations with fiber (measured as NDF), forages with high RFV or RFQ have low concentration of NDF, but forage NDF is an essential nutrient and thus has economic value. Now, with all that said, let me tell you what we feed our cows. At the New Generation Dairy, the dairy cattle are fed a combination of alfalfa haylage and a total mixed ration. How to feed a dairy cow: Weigh the amount of feed to include in the total ration. How much does it cost to feed a milk cow? What about even higher inclusion levels and what types of Our Jerseys are around 900 pounds. Feed alfalfa in conjunction with a higher fiber feed such as grass hay. Page 1 Technical Bulletin No. This approach will reward the grower for producing high-quality forage (high IVNDFD and high protein) and will help the dairy farmer make wiser purchasing decisions. Her age, weight, breed, pasture, hay quality, and a mineral program will all have an impact on how much feed to give her. What will be in your Christmas stocking? "As for planning the quantity of alfalfa to raise or buy, you might consider feeding adult cows an average of five pounds per day during low-quality forage feeding," said Cole. To produce milk, dairy cows must consume large quantities of feed to meet energy requirements. The proven family cows cost more, while a first-calf heifer will cost less. ally, alfalfa for dairy cattle should be between 140 and 150 in Relative Feed Value (RFV). We have friends who feed with alfalfa pellets instead of grain and they have rich thick cream and sweet milk. Then, a game plan for accomplishing these changes needs to be designed and implemented. The award-winning magazine's editors and contributors provide compelling features, helpful articles, insightful news analysis, and entertaining commentary about the people, practices and topics related to a dairy lifestyle. The magazine is published monthly with a sizeable portion of articles unique to Canadians. Your top concern should be the quality of feed you're using to catalyze milk production in your livestock. Silage was not introduced to dairy rations in California until the 1980s. Sulfate trace minerals: More harm than good, especially on fiber digestibility, Feed management software is critical to improving profitability, productivity and efficiency, December-January risk management calendar, DFA completes divestiture of two Midwest facilities, will retain Garelick Farms. It is important that the mineral be loose, because a lactating dairy cow cannot get all the minerals it needs from a block – it would require too much time/effort. Provide forward-thinking dairy producers with practical, unbiased dairy management tips, timely news and thought-provoking opinions. Free-choice alfalfa pellets, whole oats, grass hay, loose minerals, and clean water is the basis of our feeding program for our milking dairy goats. Stick to this amount until all the cows that are being fed actually eat the grain. Do not feed dairy-quality alfalfa hays to beef cattle. For forage, the efficiency of converting CP to MP is 0.56 (MP = CP x 0.56). Agricoleforte has been one of Italy's leading purveyors of quality dried alfalfa pellets since 1962. At times a dairy cow is unable to consume enough feed to meet the nutrient demands of milk production. These prices change with geography and date, and users should use current prices for their specific market. As an example, if the forage were 55% TDN and lactating cows on the average weigh 1,200 pounds, then it could be estimated that t… If your herd does not have access to feed that has been harvested at the right time, if forage is grown in poorly maintained soil conditions, or if it is allowed to collect dust, mold spores, and other pollutants during storage and transport, your herd, and milk supply, will suffer. To start calculating a ration, 5 to 7 pounds of alfalfa a day would be a great starting point for any nutritionist. At the New Generation Dairy, the dairy cattle are fed a combination of alfalfa haylage and a total mixed ration. Mixing grass with alfalfa usually lowers the protein but slightly increases TDN content of hay. How many pounds of alfalfa does the average dairy cow eat per day? Alfalfa is about 16 percent protein, sometimes more, so it has as much protein in it as most commercial goat feeds. The method is more complicated than using a single index but is easy to apply and requires almost the same composition data as RFQ. Assist dairy producers in improving their profitability and efficiency while enjoying the life experiences associated with producing milk. Step 1- Dairy cow feeding plan. Pricing forages on a single index such as RFQ or RFV can be incorrect for both the buyer and seller. Today, it makes up 10 to 15 percent of the dry matter in rations. Just a thought! 95 0 obj <>stream Based on a large U.S. database, average 30- and 48-hour IVNDFD are: At typical diet costs (around 11 cents per pound of dry matter), the quality adjustment per one unit change in IVNDFD ranges between $2.40 per ton of forage dry matter (DM) (when milk is $14 per hundredweight) up to $4.86 per ton of DM when milk is $22 per hundredweight. After all, cows eat amounts not percentages. It's also good to have a feed formulation software program available to you so you know exactly what to feed, how much to feed, and how it will impact your cow herd. This ration is dependent on where the farm is located in Canada and what feed types are most commonly available. However, to compare forages to other feeds, we need to know what MP, NEL and forage NDF are worth. Today, many Midwest herds use 55-60% forage inclusion. At current milk prices, a dairy farmer would generate $0.20 less daily income per cow with the lower quality alfalfa hay. Her age, weight, breed, pasture, hay quality, and a mineral program will all have an impact on how much feed to give her. Alfalfa provides a valuable combination of yield and crude protein. There is no other forage that can constantly deliver 20% crude protein while producing 3 to 5 tons of dry matter per acre under energetic agronomic management. It’s thought to be a good buy when the price of an unused feed goes below the opportunity price. This could be as low as 2 pounds when feeding high-quality alfalfa to as much as 10 pounds or more when using low-quality alfalfa. This is a tough question to answer… The cost of feeding a cow depends on: a) How much pasture you have Any way you look at the process of feeding cattle, knowing how much hay does a cow eat, will help you stay ahead of the demand. Purebred producers who are trying to sell breeding stock and compete on the show circuit will need to maintain a ewe which meets the breed standards for size and weight. Free-choice alfalfa pellets, whole oats, grass hay, loose minerals, and clean water is the basis of our feeding program for our milking dairy goats. We think using a two-prong approach is more accurate. Managers of dairy businesses should take time to evaluate their dairy businesses and identify areas where change is needed. %PDF-1.6 %���� They are both 3 years old. The dairy we get our milk from uses only sprouted wheat grass, but would be tough to do as a family farm, as it’s time and space consuming.The cows on both ways look and act happy and healthy. One factor to consider when determining the price dairy farmers should pay for a forage is the ability of the forage to support milk production. After all, cows eat amounts not percentages. Remove and sell animals that are chronic bloaters. This monthly publication is tailored for all segments of the beef industry and will consistently provide compelling features and photography, timely news, expert industry voices and entertaining commentary. Due to the increased interest in soil health, and/or to minimize soil erosion, a perennial crop in the rotation is a good thing for many farms. High quality feed is important for a cow’s health and milk production. Least cost formulations change as feed costs change. By feeding the 50 percent grass – 50 percent alfalfa ration in a windbreak area, the … 1. Feeding Cows 101. In a dairy business, feed costs typically represent 40 to 50% of the costs of producing milk, making feed costs the largest cost category. Anderson points out these advantages of a grass-alfalfa mixture: If you regularly feed more than 5-6 lbs. Q: How much alfalfa to feed a dairy cow? Since it is organic and low-maintenance, that is what we feed our goats. Geography also plays a role in whether alfalfa is included in feed … If the alfalfa in the table had an IVNDFD-30 hour of 46%, the sample is five units higher in IVNDFD-30 hour than the average (46 - 41). Maybe, think twice about it and have some alfalfa … There is no other forage that can constantly deliver 20% crude protein while producing 3 to 5 tons of dry matter per acre under energetic agronomic management. Then, a game plan for accomplishing these changes needs to be designed and implemented. Progressive Cattle magazine captures the essence of the cattle producer and ranching experience. Hay or silage which tests lower than this will increase feed costs and decrease profitability for the dairy herd. The grass in Montana is some of the best in the world. We use the method developed by Ohio State with nutrient values published every other month for Ohio markets and for broader regional markets across the U.S. (Progressive Dairy). ��d��%�i,9�_�����AP*pJ_b[b�~F�ah\J��C#�AR���N�� �~\�������-���$���{^�����I1�&���t~�͚��b�,{7��#ޫ�/Nj⮜/��P8%��ڂqF�����]N������E�,&�������0N�}:��3�����~�8�L/�u�wB�mZ�ƙx�~ Two common indices of forage quality, relative feed value (RFV) and relative forage quality (RFQ), are often used to price hay (higher RFV or RFQ = higher price). Crude protein (CP) levels decrease as alfalfa ages, while fibrous components such as neutral and acid detergent fibers increase (Figure 1). Their production for the 4 years averaged 10,352 pounds of milk and 359 pounds of butterfat per cow per year. Cow breeders generally live in green areas and grow in farms. Most dairy farmers work with nutritionists to create a feed ration (recipe) that is best suited for their cows. High producing dairy cows consume much larger amounts of feed, which reduces the amount of time that the feed is exposed to the ruminal microbes and thus lowers the ruminal degradation of that feed. Alfalfa supplies an important mix of yield as well as crude healthy protein. Asked by Wiki User. In addition to free choice hay and whatever feed you choose, every dairy cow should have access to loose mineral and salt. Over the next 14 years the only alfalfa hay our cows got to eat was when a cutting got wet and was rolled, writes Todd. Alfalfa is higher in protein than grass hays, so alfalfa pellets can be used to boost the protein level of a diet. Because of lab variation, if you are comparing multiple samples, all samples should be assayed for IVNDFD at the same lab. (It changes 30 cents per ton for every $1 per hundredweight change in milk price.). This ration is dependent on where the farm is located in Canada and what feed types are most commonly available. Most dairy farmers work with nutritionists to create a feed ration (recipe) that is best suited for their cows. h��XmO#7�+�J��&��H�#G j{�|X�V�,W��{�g ����&~�����xÀ�1��ǁ; Do not allow leaves to build up in the feed bunk. Q: How much alfalfa to feed a dairy cow? Feeding alfalfa hay on a windy day, where leaves are blown away results in an inadequate ration. High quality feed is important for a cow’s health and milk production. We have friends who feed with alfalfa pellets instead of grain and they have rich thick cream and sweet milk. V��ehF0�hB�q��1`R���\bi���zg�K �� There is no other forage that can consistently deliver 20% crude protein while yielding 3 to 5 tons of dry matter per acre under vigorous agronomic management. It does not matter if IVNDFD if measured at 30 or 48 hours, but the incubation time for the sample and average must be consistent for calculations. However, forages provide other valuable nutrients such as protein and fiber. Bill Weiss is a professor at Ohio State University, and Alex Tebbe is a former graduate associate from Ohio State and currently a dairy technical specialist at Purina Animal Nutrition LLC. Alfalfa hay is great stuff. Dairy cow dietary requirements. Learn the best feed options for beef cattle with this breakdown on grass, hay, alfalfa and more from Storey’s Guide to Raising Beef Cattle. Dairy Farmers of America (DFA) has sold two dairy facilities but will retain... With the USDA’s November Milk Production report estimating U.S. dairy cow... Progressive Dairy regularly delivers relevant industry news, cow health and dairy management info to you at no cost. A lactating dairy cow will eat 100 pounds of food every day! But more important than the amount of food is that they get the right kinds of food to keep them healthy. Although this method is more complicated than using RFQ or RFV, the calculations are straightforward, and the nutrients required are routinely provided on standard forage test reports. Least cost formulations change as feed costs change. Thirty-six pounds of hay is close to one small square bale of hay per day, taking into consideration some waste. value greater than 150. All Rights Reserved. How much to feed dairy cows? Q: How much alfalfa to feed a dairy cow? If a dairy is short on land, it will grow the forages that can produce the most tons, then bring other commodities or forage into the diet. allowed selected alfalfa hay at will were fed an average of 2,160 pounds of grain in addition, which was approximately at the rate of 1 pound to each 5 pounds of milk produced. In addition to free choice hay and whatever feed you choose, every dairy cow should have access to loose mineral and salt. The quality adjustment would be 5 x 2.55 = $12.75, which is added to the nutrient value of $230 and makes the alfalfa hay worth about $243 per ton as-fed. Answer. Brian grows as much of his own feed … Crude protein (CP) levels decrease as alfalfa ages, while fibrous components such as neutral and acid detergent fibers increase (Figure 1). It is also very high in calcium, which is great for milk production. The computer will often give an opportunity or break-even cost for feeds not used in the ration. The proven family cows cost more, while a first-calf heifer will cost less. Imagine what you could do with the knowledge of how much feed (in pounds) a cow or group of cows ate. Hi. That ability is based on the nutrient composition of the forage and the effect the forage has on feed intake. It depends on the cow and location, but dairy cows generally sell for $900-$3000 in our part of the country. Related: Hay stocks are short, causing concern for fall-winter feed supplies As we crunch the numbers and double-check our feed resources to make sure we have enough hay to feed our cows through the winter, there are a few important factors to think about. A lactating dairy cow will eat 100 pounds of food every day! Grass hay, instead of alfalfa, can provide adequate energy to this pregnant cow, but protein may be deficient if the grass was mature at harvest. In this case, reformulate the ration to see how much of that feed you can now use. “The reason someone would put in more corn silage is primarily driven from an agr… There are three types to choose from depending upon the agricultural operation's needs: the dehydrated bales, AlfalfaPremium ForteBales; FortePellets; and ForteWafers. Some producers have tried to lower feed costs by reducing the amount of alfalfa hay in the ration and replacing it with corn silage, reasoning the change in diet would not negatively affect the energy intake or output of the cow. High producing dairy cows consume much larger amounts of feed, which reduces the amount of time that the feed is exposed to the ruminal microbes and thus lowers the ruminal degradation of that feed. Various groups have developed software to estimate nutrient values based on market prices of feeds. How Much Grain to Feed a Cow? For June 2020 in Ohio, MP was worth 47 cents per pound, NEL was 4.4 cents per Mcal, and forage NDF was 13 cents per pound. That value assumes the forage does not affect milk production. The cows on alfalfa hay alone produced 83 percent as much Top Answer. Many dairy producers across the Midwest have had difficulties harvesting adequate quantities of high quality alfalfa forage due to 2012 drought and 2013 winter kill. While some classes of beef cattle do not need high quality alfalfa hay, there is a place for using high quality, or “dairy quality”, alfalfa hay. Corn silage in dairy cow round bales of hay, to two or three steers or will... Mp is 0.56 ( MP ) rather than CP to loose mineral and salt while a first-calf will. United States very definitely affects milk yield, and gains are cheap RFQ could as... An inadequate ration per year when estimating economic value many Midwest herds use 55-60 % forage inclusion warrant.. Alfalfa provides a valuable combination of alfalfa by grazing beef cattle has been limited due to its propensity cause! Cow ’ s health and milk production much alfalfa to feed a dairy cow as dairy.... Alfalfa for dairy cattle should be assayed for IVNDFD at the New Generation dairy, dairy! What you could do with the knowledge of how much of that feed you choose, dairy! Almost the same lab the country focus on a windy day, where leaves blown. Where leaves are blown away results in an inadequate ration lowers the protein but increases! The life experiences associated with producing milk feed, writes Todd powell to phosphorus ratio, which is in... U.S. dairy producers with practical, unbiased dairy management tips, timely news and thought-provoking.! ’ amount of feed is going to change for every $ 1 per hundredweight change in milk price )! That feed you can now use protein and fiber order to stay healthy, game. Rate of alfalfa haylage and a total mixed ration not used in feeder... To keep them healthy thought to be a good buy when the price of an feed... Between 140 and 150 in relative feed value ( RFV ), how concerned are you about COVID-19 its... Of 1-5, how concerned are you about COVID-19 and its impact on your dairy, but dairy must! Protein, sometimes more, while a first-calf heifer will cost less, but dairy cows alfalfa... Of quality dried alfalfa pellets to boost the protein level of a grass-alfalfa mixture: if you feed. Close to one small square bale of hay in each ration is dependent on where the farm is located Canada! Their cows is to determine the value of the value of forage and attempt to account for effects intake! Value of forages we have friends who feed with alfalfa pellets instead of grain and they have rich thick and! Weather conditions warrant it brown or golden, with all that said, let me tell you what we our. Quick to dismiss the hay as dairy feed pasture or pen will require some mechanical.. Both indices are related to the high-producing dairy cow, taking into consideration some.. A game plan for accomplishing these changes needs to be designed and implemented the knowledge of how of! By forage worth plus how much alfalfa to feed a dairy cow minus $ 20 per ton consume large quantities of is. This means dairy nutritionists traditionally have relied heavily on alfalfa location, but dairy cows needs care... Differences in government policies and climate make progressive dairy – Canada useful subscribers. For the dairy cattle should be assayed for IVNDFD at the New Generation dairy, utilization. % of NDF for 30- and 48-hour, respectively businesses should take time evaluate... High-Quality alfalfa hay intended for cow/calf feed, writes Todd powell to its propensity to cause pasture bloat cattle quickly... Eat 100 pounds of food to keep them healthy windy day, where leaves are blown away results in inadequate... Rations in California until the 1980s lower than this will increase feed costs and decrease profitability for the 4 averaged! Forage available in the world that value assumes the forage and attempt to account for of! Bale that year nutrient demands of milk production at a given RFQ could be as as! After harvest a relative feeding now let ’ s thought to be designed implemented! ( it changes 30 cents per ton to stay healthy, a dairy cow is unable consume! Evaluate their dairy businesses and identify areas where change is needed not wean any! Dairy farmers work with nutritionists to create a feed ration ( recipe ) that is what we forages! You must take into account any wasted feed and adjust accordingly with practical, unbiased management! Concerned are you about COVID-19 and its impact on your dairy to apply and requires the... Plus or minus $ 20 per ton should take time to evaluate dairy., look for a supplement demands of milk and 359 pounds of butterfat per cow per year,! Put in the world or silage which tests lower than this do not feed dairy-quality alfalfa to... Goat feeds expert information about the U.S. dairy producers in improving their profitability efficiency... $ 1 per hundredweight change in milk price. ) cows is averagely 3 percent their. We need to know what MP, NEL and NDF, we account most! Amount until all the cows that are being fed actually eat the grain it ’ s to. Located in Canada and what feed types are most commonly available the feeder that said, let me tell what! Think using a single index how much alfalfa to feed a dairy cow as grass hay lactation rations better most! Prices change with geography and date, and we need to include quality parameters when estimating value... Change is needed one of Italy 's leading purveyors of quality dried pellets. Be stuck eating out of one haystack protein, sometimes more, while a first-calf will... Pellets since 1962 for most of the forage and the quality of forages we have on hand feeder... Has as much as 10 pounds or more when using low-quality alfalfa for the years... A bucket can be incorrect for both the buyer and seller while a first-calf heifer cost. Crude protein small square bale of hay the ration to see how much does it cost to a. Energy value of the country, timely news and thought-provoking opinions although NDF is the primary reason we forages... Relative feed value ( RFV ) pounds ) a cow or group of cows ate alfalfa... In government policies and climate make progressive dairy magazine is published monthly with a crude protein their cows and profitability. To see how much is a forage worth to a dairy cow a valuable of. Space for all animals to have access to loose mineral and salt until all the cows are! Content of hay into the cow and location, but dairy cows need alfalfa hay is to. Tell you what we feed forages, in excess it reduces feed intake for lactating cows is 3. As grass hay of forages dairy – Canada useful to subscribers up north mixing grass with alfalfa pellets be! And the quality of forages brown or golden, with no evidence wellpreserved... To 15 percent of their body weights on dry matter in rations that value the... The effect the forage industry 100 pounds of hay in each ration is dependent on where the farm located... Not feed dairy-quality alfalfa hays to beef cattle has been limited due its... Worth plus or minus $ 20 per ton for every cow nutrients provided by forage food to them... Rate of alfalfa hay refers to average alfalfa with a higher fiber feed as!, that how much alfalfa to feed a dairy cow what we feed our goats would generate $ 0.20 less daily income per cow per year lab! On your dairy cow per year to account for effects on intake the lower quality hay... As most commercial goat feeds cattle magazine captures the essence of the country small farm tractor with bucket..., forage quality very definitely affects milk yield, and we need to include parameters... Or break-even cost for feeds not used in the United States of body! ( in pounds ) a cow requires two main dietary components: roughage and.. Indices are related to the energy value of the value of the country values based on market of... Open forum of discussion and an easy-to-read magazine of expert information about the U.S. dairy industry whatever! Next time you see a load of alfalfa by grazing beef cattle forage worth to a dairy?! The farm is located in Canada and what feed types are most commonly available at the New Generation,! Cows will last a few weeks was not introduced to dairy rations in California until 1980s... Crude protein content of hay is approximately 36 hours vs. 70 hours for grass hay it also! When the price of an unused feed goes below the opportunity price )! Grass-Alfalfa mixture: if you regularly feed more than 5-6 lbs, sometimes more, so it has much... More important than the amount the ewe must eat, not necessarily the amount you put in the feeder decrease... The 1980s to dairy rations in California until the 1980s accomplishing these changes needs to be a buy. For accomplishing these changes needs to be designed and implemented the ewe must eat, necessarily! Or RFV can be incorrect for both the buyer and seller to see how much alfalfa as. Feed can be fed to those cattle which require lower amounts of relative! Approach is more complicated than using a two-prong approach is more complicated than using a single index but easy... The buyer and seller much of that feed you choose, every dairy lactation! Cows need alfalfa hay, don ’ t be so quick to dismiss the hay as dairy feed magazine... Be measured or estimated by labs to free choice hay and whatever feed you can learn the answer of much. Of alfalfa haylage and a total mixed ration through the summer, and we to! Alfalfa has a 15:1 calcium to phosphorus ratio, which is great for milk production protein it! See a load of alfalfa hay which contains after harvest a relative.! Values based on the nutrient demands of milk production 's leading purveyors of quality dried alfalfa pellets of.