Root tea has also been noted as being used to help treat gonorrhoea and syphilis. Common Names: Oregon Grape, Holly Leaved Barberry, Oregon Holly : Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium : Season Start: Jan : Season End: Dec : Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos. The pinnately compound leaves have 5-11 leaflets, shiny on both … The flowers, borne in dense clusters in late spring, are yellow, and are followed by spherical dark dusty blue berries, which give rise to the common name "Oregon grape".[7]. Oregon grape is a medium-sized, broadleaf evergreen shrub that grows about 1–2 m (3 ft. 3 in–6 ft. 7 in) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft.) wide. Mahonia aquifolium is a native plant in the North American West from Southeast Alaska to Northern California, and eastern Alberta to central New Mexico, often occurring in the understory of Douglas fir forests (although other forest types contain the species) and in brushlands in the Cascades, Rockies, and northern Sierras. Some scientists prefer to call it Berberis aquifolium. Caution(s): None. Scientific Name Other Common Names; BEAQ: Berberis aquifolium Pursh: BEAQA: Berberis aquifolium Pursh var. The bright yellow roots are very bitter and contain berberine and hydrastine, alkaloids also found in goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) that act as powerful antibiotics. The state flower of Oregon is the yellow flower of Oregon Grape, hence the name. Transfer of specific and infraspecific taxa from, Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau, "Berberis aquifolium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) It is lower-growing than tall Oregon grape (M. aquifolium), generally reaching only about 1 to 2 ft (30 to 60 cm) in height. Common Name (s): Oregon grape, barberry1 tall mahonia, hollyleaved barberry, mountain grape, Oregon grape-holly, and Oregon hollygrape2 shining Oregon grape3 Species Code (as per USDA Plants database): MAAQ2 GENERAL INFORMATION *Though Mahonia is still the commonly accepted name, this plant has been placed in the Berberis genus5 Family: Berberidaceae. Scientific name - Mahonia aquifolium Indigenous to western North America, Mahonia aquifolium which is commonly called as the Oregon grape having its roots in the family Berberidaceae is an evergreen shrub. Introduction of Oregon grape Scientific name - Mahonia aquifolium. About Oregon Grape (Berberis aquifolium) 27 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Berberis aquifolium is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. Oregon grape is used for scaly, itchy skin (psoriasis), eczema (atopic dermatitis), stomach problems, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Examples: Enter 5500 then press Submit in Feet Enter 1700 then press Submit in Meters Press Any Value to ignore elevation The berries of the Oregon Grape are used as natural colorants and also can be made into jelly. This shrub has large, pinnately compound leaves with 9 … [20] As the leaves of Oregon grape are holly-like and resist wilting, the foliage is sometimes used by florists for greenery and a small gathering industry has been established in the Pacific Northwest. The plant is found growing in relatively dry to moist rocky sites in open coniferous forests, and forested slopes. Adding color and splendor to the shade garden, Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon Grape Holly) is a striking evergreen shrub with multi-season interest. Family: Berberidaceae. Tall Mahonia. The pinnately compound leaves have 5-11 leaflets, shiny on both … Scientific Name: Mahonia nervosa. These berries have also been used for dye and medicinal uses. It is a spreading to erect shrub from 15-200 cm tall. Oregon Grape. After being introduced into Europe in 1822 for ornamental purposes, it took 38 years for M. aquifolium to self-pollinate and exist outside of gardens. Some authors place Mahonia in the barberry genus, Berberis. Origin: Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest have long eaten this berry, but often mix it with sweeter berries to better its flavor. Scientific Name/Common Name: Mahonia aquifolia / Oregon Grape Part(s) Used: Root Constituents/Active Ingredients: Isoquinoline alkaloids berbamine, berberine, canadine, corypalmine, hydrastine, isocorydine, mahonine, and oxyacanthine, resin, and tannins. There is a variety that can get about 10 feet tall. Tall Oregon Grape, Mahonia aquifolium. Some Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau use Oregon grape for indigestion. Mahonia repens commonly known as creeping mahonia, creeping Oregon grape, creeping barberry, or prostrate barberry, is a species of Mahonia native to the Rocky Mountains and westward areas of North America, from British Columbia and Alberta in the north through Arizona and New Mexico, then into northwest Mexico by some reports. This shorter species is referred to as Low Oregon Grape to distinguish it from Tall Oregon Grape, Mahonia aquifolium. Common Name(s): Piper's Oregon-grape, Oregon Grape, Oregon Holly-Grape, Oregon-grape, Piper Oregon-grape, Holly-leaved Oregon-grape, Holly-leaved Barberry, Hollyleaf Barberry, Hollyleaved Barberry, Mountain Grape, Tall Oregon Grape Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium) is a flowering herb that has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine to treat numerous conditions, including … Origin: Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest used to eat this berry, but did not favor it, often mixing it with sweeter berries to better its flavor. It is the state flower of Oregon. Additional Common Names: Oregon Grape, Oregon Grape Holly, Mahonia Aguifolium, Holly-Leaved Berry, Mahonia. Summary 5 Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon-grape or Oregon grape) is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America.It is an evergreen shrub growing to 1 m (3 ft) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. They look and taste nothing like a grape. Bloom period happens April to May and fruits ripen from September to October. Common Name(s): Piper's Oregon-grape, Oregon Grape, Oregon Holly-Grape, Oregon-grape, Piper Oregon-grape, Holly-leaved Oregon-grape, Holly-leaved Barberry, Hollyleaf Barberry, Hollyleaved Barberry, Mountain Grape, Tall Oregon Grape Scientific Name Other Common Names; BEAQ: Berberis aquifolium Pursh: BEAQA: Berberis aquifolium Pursh var. Prefers drier sites. It is the state flower of Oregon. 1997. The drug was first made commercially available in 1886 and became instantly popular amongst physicians treating skin conditions. Our Team; Careers; Services; Correspondent Services Tall Oregon grape (Berberis aquifolium) Description: Medium to tall shrub, found in dry forests and woodlands. Mahonia aquifolium, the Oregon grape, is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. As with the tall Oregon-grape, the leaves of dull Oregon-grape have spiny teeth at their edges, somewhat like those of English holly ( … Berberis aquifolium has won its … Indigenous to western North America, Mahonia aquifolium which is commonly called as the Oregon grape having its roots in the family Berberidaceae is an evergreen shrub. Examples: Enter 5500 then press Submit in Feet Enter 1700 then press Submit in Meters Press Any Value to ignore elevation Oregon Grape. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Oregon grape root is an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, Cholagogue, hepatic, and laxative. The species name "aquifolium" means "spiny leaves" in Latin. The Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium) is a broadleaf evergreen shrub that grows well in shadier spots. repens is applied. Yes. Mahonia aquifolium has many different and unique traits, and one interesting fact is that it has a high chemical pollutant tolerance which makes it a plant used in urban landscaping. The leathery leaves resemble those of holly and the stems and twigs have a thickened, corky appearance. It was highly regarded among eclectic physicians for use against syphilis. Possible aliases, alternative names and misspellings for Mahonia aquifolium. Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium Pursh and M.nervosa Pursh. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. This species is referred to as Tall Oregon Grape only to distinguish it from Low Oregon Grape, Mahonia nervosa. It is commonly found in mountainous regions and adapts easier to … The genus Mahonia has now been included in the genus Berberis, hence the accepted name for Oregon Grape is Berberis aquifolium. There is a variety that can get about 10 feet tall. Suni’ ulhp (Downriver/Island), Suliyulp (Upriver) Family . Each leaflet has one central vein and 10-12 spines on its margin. Mahonia nervosa, commonly known as dwarf Oregon-grape, Cascade barberry, Cascade Oregon-grape, or dull Oregon-grape, is a flowering plant native to the northwest coast of North America from southern British Columbia south to central California, with an isolated population inland in northern Idaho. Oregon grape is a powerful herb used for a variety of health conditions. Common name(s): Tall or Low Oregon grape. The scientific name of the tall Oregon grape is Mahonia aquifolium. It is also known as Berberis nervosa. It is resistant to summer drought, tolerates poor soils, and does not create excessive leaf litter. ‘Carol Mackie’ - Carol Mackie daphne Gaultheria shallon - salal Lavandula species - lavender Mapping Innovation Showcase Project Presentations Hub, Cowichan Valley Community Green Map (2009), Children Count - Early Childhood Fair (2009), Highlands District Community Green Map (2009), South Jubilee Neighbourhood Green Map (2010), The Sustainable High Schools Project (2010), United Way of Greater Victoria Community Tables Pilot Project (2012), University of Victoria Community Mapping Initiative (UVic-CMI) (2013), Mapping Our Common Ground Booklet - 2nd Edition, Hillside Quadra Community Green Map (2003), PLAY UEY Project Mapping Work Plan (2007), PortRenfrew - Pacheedaht FirstNation - Visioning (2005), Squamish Community Mapping Workshop (2007), Tsartlip First Nation Fruit Tree Mapping (2007), Victoria West Neighbourhood Community Visions (2005), Victoria and Region Community Green Map (2004), Associated Events, Projects and Curriculum, Mapping Our Common Ground Booklet - 3rd Edition, Community Mapping-II Course (4 parts) 2009, GEOG 453/491 - Tools for Advanced Level Geography Course Projects (2008), Northern Europe Sustainability Field School (2015), ES 421 - Ethnobotany: Plants and Human Cultures (2016), Creating new icons - Adobe Illustrator - 2009, VUE: Create a Static Background Layer for Interactive Map, Survey - Port Renfrew Pacheedaht Visions Project, http://www.herbalremediesadvice.org/oregon-grape-herb.html, https://lambethbandofsolidarity.wordpress.com, http://nativeplantspnw.com/tall-oregon-grape-mahonia-aquifolium/, http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Oregon%2Bgrape. The Oregon grape flowers are yellowish-green and bloom in large numbers forming a cluster . Leaves are shiny green, glossy on both sides, turning reddish/purplish in winter. Dwarf Oregon grape, also known as dull or Cascade Oregon grape, is commonly found in Douglas fir or Western red cedar forests from central California to southern British Columbia, and a small pocket of northern Idaho. Prefers drier sites. It originated in western North America and is the state flower of Oregon. Oregon Grape is the state flower of Oregon, best known for its production of blue-black berries which somewhat resemble clusters of grapes. Oregon grape, Berberis aquifolium, was first introduced into medical practice by a drug company still operating today, Parke, Davis, & Co. Leaves: Compound, alternate, evergreen, with 5-9 leaflets per leaf. This shrub has large, pinnately compound leaves with 9 to 13 spiny leaflets. Mahonia aquifolium is also known as Berberis aquifolium. Oregon Grape is an evergreen shrub which can grow to a height of 7’-10’ and up to 5’ wide. This species of flowering plant grows to 1 m (3 ft) tall … Tall and Low Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium) Common name(s): Tall or Low Oregon grape Scientific Name(s): Mahonia aquifolium Island Hullkemel’em Name(s): suni'ulhp (Downriver/Island); suliyulhp (Upriver) Family: Berberidaceae Caution(s): None. Scientific Name(s): Mahonia aquifolium. Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium. They look and taste nothing like a grape. Resource on oregon grape. [1] Native Plants PNW. Scientific Name/Common Name: Mahonia aquifolia / Oregon Grape Part(s) Used: Root Constituents/Active Ingredients: Isoquinoline alkaloids berbamine, berberine, canadine, corypalmine, hydrastine, isocorydine, mahonine, and oxyacanthine, resin, and tannins. PEPÁḴEṈ HÁUTW̱ (Blossoming Place) morning tasting, ȽÁU, WELṈEW̱ Tribal School, ideafest: The Transformative Power of Maps and Stories. Leaves: Compound, alternate, evergreen, with 5-9 leaflets per leaf. Systematic Botany 14:565-579. Due to its shiny holly-like leaves, bluish berries and yellow flowers, it is prized as an ornamental. Among these are tall Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium); Cascade, low, dull, or dwarf Oregon grape (M. nervosa); and creeping Oregon grape (M. repens). Mahonia aquifolium, the Oregon grape, is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. Elevation: Low to upper elevations (sea level to 5,000 feet) Transfer of specific and infraspecific taxa from, Laferrière, Joseph E. 1997. It is not related to grape; however, the name "Oregon grape" originated from its purple clusters of berries that resemble grapes. Oregon grape is a common name for members of the barberry family, Berberidaceae. Other Ways to Help: Become a … The Oregon grape is a bushy, flowering perennial with shiny, holly-like leaves. [18] The berries can also be eaten raw after the season's first frosts.[19]. CALL US +27 (0) 31 304 4212 . In some areas outside its native range, M. aquifolium has been classified as an invasive exotic species that may displace native vegetation. Mahonia Aquifolium (Tall), Mahonia Nervosa (Low) Common Names. Pather & Pather Attorneys. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: Yes Berberis aquifolium is the accepted botanical name, but it is often sold in nurseries under its older name, Mahonia aquifolium. [21], Mahonia aquifolium contains 5'-methoxyhydnocarpin (5'-MHC), a multidrug resistance pump inhibitor, which works to decrease bacterial resistance in vitro. M. aquifolium will tolerate the shaded areas but prospers better in exposed areas. Additionally, some botanists treat the plant as a subspecies of tall Oregon grape (Berberis aquifolium), in which case the scientific name Berberis aquifolium var. You will find this plant under these other names including Mahonia aquilfolium, Berberry, Barberry, Berberis aquifolium, Berberis nervosa, and Berberis repens. Scientific Names . The roots of M. aquifolium are bright yellow and were often used for making dye, primarily for baskets. Author of The American Gardener's Calendar (1806 and subsequent years). Overview: Oregon Grape is a tall shrub found in the western regions of Canada and the United States. Scientific Name: Mahonia bealei . It is also occasionally printed as "Oregongrape". Oregon grape is in the barberry or Berberidaceae family. Color and shape: Blue/purple. Common Name: Tall Oregon Grape Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium Sun Exposure: Full sun to full shade , very adaptable Average Size: 3-10 feet in height and about 4-8 feet in diameter Moisture: Can grow on sites ranging from fairly dry to moist. 1989. The leaflets of Oregon Grape somewhat resemble the leaves of English Holly, Ilex aquifolium. 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